Definition and history
The word osseointegration is derived from the Greek “osteon” – bone and the Latin “integrare” – entire. The term refers to a “direct, structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of an implant, usually titanium” .
The term osseointegration was coined by the Swedish orthopedist Dr. Per-Ingvar Brånemark "father of modern dental implantology". In the 1950s, conducted experiments to study the microcirculation of bone and observed a strong adhesion between the bone and the titanium.
The clinical utility of osseointegration began in 1965 with titanium anchors for dental prostheses. Following its success, it has spread to a variety of medical specialties such as maxillofacial surgery, otorhinolaryngology and orthopedics.
In 1990, building on his father's success, Brånemark performed the first transcutaneous femoral intramedullary prosthesis in a patient with a supracondylar amputation.
Since 2014, Prof. Al Muderis and the Australian Osseointegration Group have modified the surgical technique and have developed an implant that facilitates the intervention in a single surgical time. Currently, the use of bone anchored components as an alternative to classic socket prostheses is growing and receiving government approvals, such as the FDA.